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Fact Sheet


  • The Qu’Appelle Valley is located in the southern portion of the province of Saskatchewan in western Canada.
  • The Qu’Appelle Valley consists of a post-glacial meltwater channel—a trench 2 kilometres wide and from 30 to 150 metres deep, running 400 kilometres west to east across Saskatchewan.
  • The Qu’Appelle Valley brackets the north-eastern limits of North America’s Great Plains.
  • The Qu’Appelle Valley forms a narrow margin of native prairie and woodland interrupted by roads, farms, ranches, lakeside resorts, and half a dozen towns and villages.
  • The Qu’Appelle River originates at the outlet of the Qu’Appelle Dam on Lake Diefenbaker—12 km southeast of Elbow, Saskatchewan. The river stretches eastward from this point for approximately 400 km, meeting with the Assiniboine River in Manitoba.
  • The Qu’Appelle Valley’s rugged hills provide a stunning backdrop to recreational areas like Echo Valley, Katepwa, Crooked Lake, and Rowan’s Ravine Provincial Parks.
  • In its native state, the Qu’Appelle eco-region is characterised by a mosaic of aspen groves and fescue grasslands.
  • The Qu’Appelle River basin is one of the most important in southern Saskatchewan; it serves as the primary water source for the surrounding rural and urban centres.
  • The name Qu’Appelle is derived from an early Cree name Katepwa-Cipi meaning ‘What is calling?’ river. The Metis called the river Qu’Appelle—a French translation of the original Cree name.
  • During the early days of the fur trade, the chain of glacial lakes that sprawl along the length of the Qu’Appelle Valley were part of an important fur trade transportation route.
  • The historic monument recognizing the signing of Treaty Four is located in the town of Fort Qu’Appelle—every year First Nations groups meet there for the annual Treaty Four gathering.
  • The Qu’Appelle Valley is home to Saskatchewan’s first and only remaining tuberculosis sanatorium known as Fort San, now operating as the Echo Valley Conference Centre.
  • First Nations reserves located along the Qu’Appelle are the Piapot, Pasqua, Muscowpetung, Standing Buffalo, Peepeekosis, Okanees, Star Blanket, Little Black Bear, George Gordon, Day Star, Kawakatoose, Poor Man’s, Nut Lake (Yellow Quill), Kinistin, and Muscowekwan.


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